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Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.
Related Links

Iraq Foundation
The Iraq Foundation is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization working for democracy and human rights in Iraq, and for a better international understanding of Iraq's potential as a contributor to political stability and economic progress in the Middle East.

Washington Post Daybook
From the first day of the war to the fall of Baghdad, the Washington Post offers online articles that cover the day-by-day advancements of the U.S. and coalition forces.


Esposito, John. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Mackey, Sandra. The Reckoning: Iraq and the Legacy of Saddam Hussein. W. W. Norton and Company, 2002.

Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah. World Faiths: Islam. NTC Publishing Group, 1994.

Smith, Craig, "Politics and Religion Join the Fray in Shiite Slum," New York Times, April 15, 2003.

Weit, Gaston. Baghdad: Metropolis of the Abbasid Caliphate. Trans. Seymour Feiler. University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.

NGS Resources

Boulat, Alexandra. "Baghdad Before the Bombs," National Geographic (June 2003), 52-69.

Edwards, Mike. "Eyewitness Iraq," National Geographic (November 1999), 2-27.

Severy, Merle. "Iraq: Crucible of Civilization," National Geographic (May 1991), 102-15.

Ellis, William S. "New Face of Baghdad: Iraq at War,"  National Geographic (January 1985), 80-109.