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Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Association for the Conservation of Neotropical Carnivores–Pró-Carnívoros
Learn about Pró-Carnívoros's work to monitor the jaguar population in the Rio Negro region of the Pantanal.

Conservation International Brazil and the Pantanal
Through its research center at Fazenda Rio Negro, Conservation International works to preserve Pantanal wildlife and habitat.

Experience Pantanal wildlife from a distance by listening to recorded wildlife sounds collected by biologist and photographer Daniel De Granville; his collection of roadkill photos is under "environmental impacts."

Instituto Ecobrasil
Get background information and current news about the ecotourism industry in Brazil.

International Rivers Network (IRN)
IRN works with local communities to protect their rivers and watersheds. It presents an analysis of the threats to the Parana-Paraguay River Basin.

Rios Vivos
This environmental action group tracks news about the "Pantanal at Risk."

World Heritage Sites: The Pantanal Conservation Complex
Read a profile of the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park, designated as a World Heritage site.


Banks, Vic. The Pantanal: Brazil's Forgotten Wilderness. Sierra Club Books, 1991.

Cardozo, M., and others, eds. Upper Paraguay River Basin GIS Database, Expanding the Pilot Project. Ducks Unlimited, Inc., 2004.

Charle, Suzanne. "Rivers Run Through It." Ford Foundation Report (Winter 2004).

Earthwatch Institute. Pantanal Conservation Research Initiative: Annual Report 2003.

Eckstrom, Christine K. "A Wilderness of Water: Pantanal." Audubon (March/April 1996), 54-65.

Emmons, Louise. "The Secret Wolf." Zoogoer (November/December 2004).

Gottgens, J. F., and others. "The Paraguay-Paraná Hidrovia: Protecting the Pantanal With Lessons From the Past." Bioscience (Volume 51, 2001).

Grzelewski, Derek. "Otterly Fascinating." Smithsonian (November 2002), 100-108.

Leland, Julie Hatfield, and Timothy Leland. "The World in a Wetland." Earthwatch Journal (October 2003).

McGrath, Susan. "Blue Jewels of the Pantanal." Audubon (December 2002), 74-85.

Mourao, Guilherme, and others. "Size Structure of Illegally Harvested and Surviving Caiman in Pantanal, Brazil." Biological Conservation (Volume 75, 1996), 261-65.

Pearson, David L., and Les Beletsky. Brazil: Amazon and Pantanal: The Ecotravellers' Wildlife Guide. Academic Press, 2002.

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. "Brazil Designates Privately Owned Nature Reserve in the Pantanal." Press Release (June 12, 2002).

Schnepf, Randall D., and others. "Agriculture in Brazil and Argentina: Developments and Prospects for Major Field Crops." Agriculture and Trade Report No. WRS013 (December 2001).

Swarts, Frederick A., editor. The Pantanal: Understanding and Preserving the World's Largest Wetland. Paragon House, 2000.

United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies and Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso Pantanal Regional Environmental Program. Inter-linkages Approach for Wetland Management: The Case of the Pantanal Wetland. (2004).

NGS Resources

Morell, Virginia. "The Rain Forest in Rio's Backyard." National Geographic (March 2004), 2-27.

Cobb, Charles E., Jr. "Where Brazil Was Born: Bahia." National Geographic (August 2002), 62-81.

Van Dyk, Jere. "The Amazon: South America's River Road." National Geographic (February 1995), 2-39.

Elrlich, Anne H. "Brazil: Fight to the Cities." National Geographic (December 1988), 934-37.

McIntyre, Loren. "Last Days of Eden: Rondônia's Urueu-Wau-Wau Indians." National Geographic (December 1988), 800-17.

Vesilind, Priit J. "Brazil: Moment of Promise and Pain." National Geographic (March 1987), 348-85.