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Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

RPM Nautical Foundation
Follow the underwater research in Spain, Turkey, Japan, and Greece. The RPM Nautical Foundation uses the latest technology to explore the ocean and advance research in nautical archaeology. Introduce yourself to the experts and view photographs of the study sites, the equipment, the dives, and the recoveries.

H.M.S. Victory
The Victory was anchored in Portsmouth Harbour, on the south coast of England, after retiring from frontline duty in 1812. It was moved into Portsmouth's Royal Naval Dockyard for restoration 110 years later. The official H.M.S. Victory website provides information for anyone who wants to visit the ship in person or wants to take a tour via the Web by browsing images and links.

Lt. Paul Harris Nicholas shares the excitement and fear of the Battle of Trafalgar in his eyewitness account. He describes the details of what he saw, as well as how he felt. His is just one in the collection of articles Broadside offers as a window into triumph and defeat in the Royal Navy during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

National Maritime Museum
Visit the National Maritime Museum in London and gain a greater appreciation for the sea, ships, and stars. A new exhibit on the Battle of Trafalgar explores the lives of Horatio Nelson and Napoleon Bonaparte and their part in one of the most significant sea battles in history.


Clayton, Tim, and Phil Craig. Trafalgar: The Men, the Battle, the Storm. Hodder & Stoughton, 2004.

Cordingly, David. Billy Ruffian: The Bellerophon and the Downfall of Napoleon, the Biography of a Ship of the Line, 1782-1836. Bloomsbury, 2003.

Goodwin, Peter. Countdown to Victory. Manuscript Press, 2000.

Harbron, John D. Trafalgar and the Spanish Navy. Naval Institute Press, 1988.

Howarth, David. Trafalgar: The Nelson Touch. Atheneum, 1969.

Lambert, Andrew. Nelson, Britannia's God of War. Faber and Faber, 2004.

Lavery, Brian. Nelson's Fleet at Trafalgar. Naval Institute Press, 2004.

Pope, Dudley. Decision at Trafalgar. Henry Holt and Company, 1999.

Terraine, John. Trafalgar: Eye-witness Accounts. Wordsworth Editions, 1998.

Tracy. Nicholas (editor). The Naval Chronicle: The Contemporary Record of the Royal Navy at War. Vol. III, 1804-1806, consolidated edition. Chatham Publishing, 1999.

White, Colin. The Nelson Encyclopedia. Chatham Publishing, 2002.

NGS Resources

Jamkowski, Marcin. "Ghost Ship Found." National Geographic (February 2005), 32-51.

Allen, Thomas B., and Robert D. Ballard. "Ghosts and Survivors Return to the Battle of Midway." National Geographic (April 1999), 80-103.

Marden, Luis. "Restoring Old Ironsides." National Geographic (June 1997), 38-53.

Broadwater, John D. "Yorktown Shipwreck." National Geographic (June 1988), 804-23.

Nelson, Daniel A. "Ghost Ships of the War of 1812: Hamilton and Scourge." National Geographic (March 1983), 288-313.

Putman, John J. "Napoleon." National Geographic (February 1982), 142-89.

James, Thomas Garner. "Portsmouth, Britannia's Sally Port: From King Alfred to the New Queen Elizabeth, British Fleets Have Fared Forth from This Citadel of Sea Power." National Geographic (April 1952), 513-44.