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Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

C.S.S. Virginia
Created by the great-grandson of the Virginia's captain, Catesby Jones, this excellent website brings together many original sources on the C.S.S. Virginia and the Battle of Hampton Roads, from transcriptions of reports by crewmen to ship and battle images and contemporaneous newspaper reports.

U.S.S. Monitor Center
The Monitor Center's online exhibits give extensive information on the history of the Union ironclad, as well as on current preservation efforts.

Monitor Expedition 2002
This time line is of a particularly eventful year in the recovery of the Monitor and includes daily logs, photographs, and additional information on the recovery efforts.

Ira Block Photography
Learn more about National Geographic photographer Ira Block and browse through his online photo library.

Transcriptions of Original Reports on the Battle

Eggleston, John R. "Captain Eggleston's Narrative of the Battle of the Merrimac."

Greene, S. D. "In the Monitor Turret." Century, March 1885.

Jones, Catesby ap Roger. "The Virginia: A Narrative of her Services by Catesby ap R. Jones…" October 8, 1874.

Manley, Henry DeHaven. "A Great Naval Battle." Letter, March 24, 1862.

Ramsay, Ashton. "The Most Famous of Sea Duels: The Story of the Merrimac's Engagement with the Monitor, and the Events that Preceded and Followed the Fight, Told by a Survivor." Harper's Weekly, February 10, 1912, 11-12.

Selfridge, Jr., Thomas O., Captain, USN. "The Merrimac and the Cumberland." Transcribed from The Cosmopolitan, A Monthly Illustrated Magazine, volume XV, The Cosmopolitan Press, 1893, 176-84.

Wood, John Taylor. "The First Fight of Iron-clads." The Century, vol XXIX, March, 1885.


Davis, William C. Duel Between the First Ironclads. Doubleday and Company, 1975.

Hoehling, A. A. Thunder at Hampton Roads. Prentice-Hall, 1976.

Konstam, Angus. Hampton Roads 1862: First Clash of the Ironclads. Osprey Publishing, 2002.

Quarstein, John V. C.S.S. Virginia: Mistress of Hampton Roads. H. E. Howard, 2000.

Smith, A. B. "Statement of the Pilot of the Cumberland." In Putnam's The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, vol. 4 (1862), 272-73.

Symonds, Craig. Decision at Sea. Oxford University Press, 2005.

White, William Chapman, and Ruth White. Tin Can on a Shingle. E. P. Dutton and Company, 1957.

NGS Resources

Oeland, Glenn. "Secret Weapon of the Confederacy." National Geographic (July 2002), 82-101.

Wamsley, James S. "Mariners' Museum." National Geographic Traveler (November/December 1997), 88-93.

Ellis, William S. "Hampton Roads, Where the Rivers End." National Geographic (July 1985), 72-107.