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Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Secrets of the Lost Canyon
This fabulous television production by KUED (the public broadcasting channel of the University of Utah) from November 2005 delves into the Fremont culture and its presence at Range Creek Canyon. You'll find transcripts of interviews with major players, including Fremont specialists, archaeologists working in the canyon, American Indian representatives, a hunting group spokesman, and Waldo Wilcox himself. Other links lead you to BLM and Utah Division of Wildlife Resources information on the area and additional background information. The video is hosted by the Archaeology Channel

The Secret Canyon
Alan Alda's Scientific American Frontiers aired this program on Range Creek in March 2005 and has included the transcript, links to additional resources, and a "watch online" button on PBS's website.

Fremont History
This brief history of the Fremont is based on scholar and former Utah state archaeologist David Madsen's book Exploring the Fremont and other solid sources. Additional links and resources are especially helpful.

Ira Block Photography
Learn more about National Geographic photographer Ira Block and browse through his online photo library.


Cole, Sally J. Legacy on Stone. Johnson Books, 1990.

Foy, Paul. "Secrecy of Ancient Site Upsets Some Indians." Deseret Morning News, July 4, 2004.

Gunnerson, James H. "The Fremont Culture." Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, vol. 59, no. 2, 1969.

Madsen, David B. Exploring the Fremont. Utah Museum of Natural History, 1989.

Morss, Noel. "The Ancient Culture of the Fremont River in Utah: Report on the Explorations Under the Claflin-Emerson Fund, 1928-29." Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 1931.

Spangler, Jerry D., and Donna K. Spangler. Horned Snakes and Axle Grease: A Roadside Guide to the Archaeology, History, and Rock Art of Nine Mile Canyon. Uinta Publishing, 2003.

NGS Resources

Long, Michael E. "Utah's Rock Art: Wilderness Louvre." National Geographic (January 1980), 96-117.