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Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

The Brain From Top to Bottom
Explore all the brain's functions, including memory, at this comprehensive website run by McGill University in Montreal, Canada. The brain is presented on five levels: social, psychological, neurological, cellular, and molecular. At each level choose whether you want the beginner, intermediate, or advanced explanation, in either French or English.

BBC: The Human Brain Map
The BBC presents an interactive map of the human brain arranged by function and structure. Other sections of this site, such as Muscles, Skeleton, or Nervous System, are also fun to explore.

Brain Injury Resource Foundation (BIRF)
The BIRF's section on memory includes a number of solid articles targeted at a wider audience than just those with brain injuries. Topics include memory techniques, games to improve your memory, prevention of post-stroke impairment, and understanding memory and injury.

NPR: H.M.'s Brain and the History of Memory
Recommended by researcher Suzanne Corkin, who's studied HM since the 1960s, this Weekend Edition audio clip gives a good perspective on HM and the contributions of his case to the study of memory. Some actual interviews between HM and Corkin are included, as well as a discussion with Brenda Milner, the psychologist who did the original testing on HM.

The Alzheimer's Foundation of America
Find information about Alzheimer's disease and related dementias, as well as referrals to local resources for individuals suffering from dementia and for their families. Each November, the foundation sponsors National Memory Screening Day, with free confidential screenings at sites across the country.

Elite Care at Oatfield Estates
Learn more about the philosophy behind the Elite Care method used "for elder care and people in need" at Oatfield Estates and related facilities. Click on the campus links on the right side of the page to see descriptions of the surroundings, design, household management, technology, and programs at each of the four residential campuses.


Carruthers, Mary. The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Parker, Elizabeth S., Larry Cahill, and James L. McGaugh. "A Case of Unusual Autobiographical Remembering." Neurocase (2006) vol. 12, no. 1, 35-49.

Rossi, Paolo. Logic and the Art of Memory. The University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Scoville, W. B., and B. Milner, "Loss of Recent Memory After Bilateral Hippocampal Lesions." Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (1957). vol 20, no.1, 11-21.

Schachter, Daniel. The Seven Sins of Memory. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2001.

Squire, Larry R., and Eric R. Kandel. Memory: From Mind to Molecules. W. H. Freeman, 2000.

Stefanacci, Lisa, Elizabeth A. Buffalo, Heike Schmolck, and Larry R. Squire. "Profound Amnesia After Damage to the Medial Temporal Lobe: A Neuroanatomical and Neuropsychological Profile of Patient E. P." The Journal of Neuroscience (September 15, 2000), 20(18); 7024-7036.

Treffert, Darold A., and Daniel D. Christensen. "Inside the Mind of a Savant." Scientific American (December 2005), 108-113.

NGS Resources

Ackerman, Jennifer. "The Downside of Upright." National Geographic (July 2006), 126-145.

Slater, Lauren. "This Thing Called Love." National Geographic (February 2006), 32-49.

Collins, Andrew. See, Hear, Smell, Taste, and Touch: Using Your Five Senses. National Geographic Books, 2006.

Shreeve, James. "The Mind Is What the Brain Does." National Geographic (March 2005), 2-31.

Jerome, Kate Boehm. Understanding the Brain. National Geographic Books, 2003.

Restak, Richard. Mysteries of the Mind. National Geographic Books, 2000.