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Dawn of Humans: Who Were the First Americans?



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Picking Through the Past
Photograph by Kenneth Garrett

Angela Davis and Jon Lohse, research assistants in the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory in Austin, sort some of the many artifacts found at the nearby Gault site. Excavated over the past several years by a team led by Michael Collins, a research associate at the lab, it has yielded one of the most extensive collections of Clovis tools yet found in the Americas. “The Gault site almost daily expands the complexity of what we know as Clovis,” Collins says. The Clovis people, named for important early finds near Clovis, New Mexico, were long considered the first people of the Americas. Though that theory has been eroded by recent finds of what appear to be earlier tools, the mystery of where Clovis people and their predecessors may have come from remains unsolved. To Collins these tools differ significantly from those found in Siberia and Alaska. To him they look more European. He has compiled a list of some 20 similarities to tools from Europe, suggesting to him that archaeologists should be looking to the East for possible connections as well as to the West.



Camera: Nikon F5
Film Type: Kodak E100SW
Lens: 18mm
Speed and F-Stop: 1/8 @ f/5.6
Weather Conditions: Hot and dry
Time of Day: Noon
Lighting Techniques: Quartz lights





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