Photograph by Heidi Bradner, Panos Pictures
Her daughter too young to help with the heavy work, a mother in Groznyy scavenges bricks from a destroyed building in the summer of 1996. Some of the bricks she will sell for food; the rest will help her rebuild her own ruined home. Russia's bombing of Groznyy can be compared to the World War II destruction of Warsaw and Dresden. So extensive was the damage that even today Groznyy inhabitants search through the rubble for usable items. The work is best done in the safety of daylight. At night gun battles between security forces and Chechen separatists still erupt, and kidnapping gangs patrol the capital's streets.