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ZipUSA: Glen Echo, MD
JULY 2005
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In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

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Did You Know?Did You Know?

Glen Echo, Maryland, was home to Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross, for the last 15 years of her life. 

In 1891 Edwin and Edward Baltzley, in an effort to attract attention for their Glen Echo chautauqua development, offered Clara Barton land for a house—along with free labor to build it—hoping that her presence would attract other prominent citizens. Barton, who had been looking for a new site for the headquarters of the American Red Cross, took them up on it. She originally used the building as a warehouse for disaster-relief supplies, then remodeled and moved into the house in 1897 when an electric trolley line made Glen Echo more accessible to Washington, D.C. 

The trolley also spurred attendance at nearby Glen Echo amusement park. When a new manager took over in 1906, he aimed to convert Barton's house into a hotel. After she refused, he tried to drive her out. According to Glen Echo Park: A Story of Survival, he constructed a "slow-moving scenic railway that went right by her house, with a station by her front door." Then he erected a Ferris wheel in front of her house. That summer Barton recorded in her diary: "The evenings are very pretty—the lights [of Glen Echo Park] cheerful. The noise in no way disturbs us." 

Clara Barton resigned as president of the American Red Cross in 1904 but continued living in the house until her death eight years later at the age of 90. "She loved her Glen Echo home," a friend recalled, "and used to say the moon seemed always to be shining there."
—Kathy B. Maher


Related Links

Carol Barton—Popular Kinetics Press
Visit this website to see more of Carol Barton's work and to learn about her lectures and classes across the United States on pop-up design and construction. Can't get to a class? Her new book, The Pocket Paper Engineer: How to Make Pop-Ups Step-by-Step (Popular Kinetics Press, 2005), will guide you along.

Robert Sabuda
Artist Robert Sabuda has been called the Prince of Pop-ups, and it's easy to see why! At this bright and lively website you can get a sneak peek at his latest work, browse an extensive guide to books about pop-up art, and find instructions for simple pop-ups you can make at home.

Glen Echo, Maryland
A small town with a big heart, Glen Echo celebrated its centennial in 2004. Want to feel like a resident? Follow the local news by reading the online version of the Echo.

Glen Echo Park Partnership for Arts and Culture
The historic Glen Echo amusement park is now a year-round setting for dances, classes, performances, and special events. If you're thinking about visiting the Washington, D.C., area, check out what's happening at this magical place!

Glen Echo Park National Park Service
The National Park Service continues the spirit of chautauqua by preserving and interpreting the history of Glen Echo, providing a backdrop for a rich arts education program. Visit this site to learn more about the 1921 Dentzel carousel, the 1933 Spanish ballroom, the bumper car pavilion, and more.

Clara Barton National Historic Site
"It will not be an elegant house, as some, but it will well serve the purposes that we believe are necessary." See photos of Clara Barton and her Glen Echo home at this National Park Service website.



Barton, Carol. The Pocket Paper Engineer: How to Make Pop-Ups Step-by-Step. Popular Kinetics Press, 2005.
Carter, David A., and James Diaz. The Elements of Pop-Up: A Pop-Up Book for Aspiring Paper Engineers. Little Simon, 1999. See David Carter's work online at www.popupbooks.com.
Cook, Richard, and Deborah Lange. Glen Echo Park: A Story of Survival. Bethesda Communications Group, 2005.
Lange, Deborah. Restoring the Glen Echo Park Carousel. Bethesda Communications Group, 2004.
Pryor, Elizabeth Brown. Clara Barton: Professional Angel. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.

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