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Inventing Nairobi
SEPTEMBER 2005
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Inventing Nairobi Map
 

Nairobi Now
Miles from the Equator: 80
Elevation: 5,500 feet (1,676 meters)
Year the city was founded: 1899, on the site of a Maasai water hole as a camp for workers building the Mombasa-Uganda railroad
Meaning of nyrobi in Maasai: Cool water
Growth in city population since Kenya's independence in 1963: 800 percent, from 350,000 to 2,818,000 in 2005
Number of years life expectancy in Kenya has been reduced during the past decade, mostly as a result of HIV/AIDS: 10 years, down from 57 to 47
Number of street children: 15,000 to 25,000, many of them orphans of parents who died of AIDS-related illnesses
First African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize: Nairobi ecologist and activist Wangari Maathai


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