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Mbuti Pygmies
SEPTEMBER 2005
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In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

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 Did You Know?  
 Related Links  
 Bibliography  
 NGS Resources  

Did You Know?Did You Know?

No U.S. President has ever made an official visit to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In fact, only seven U.S. Presidents have ever journeyed to Africa while in office, cumulatively making stops in just 14 of 53 countries (26 percent). Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the first in 1943, and Bill Clinton has visited the most countries with ten. Egypt has been the most common destination, followed by Morocco and Nigeria. Understandably, secretaries of state charged with negotiating and carrying out U.S. foreign policy have visited twice as many African countries as U.S. Presidents, or 30 of 53 nations. For comparison, U.S. Presidents have visited 24 of 47 Asian countries, or 51 percent, and secretaries of state 45 of 47, or 96 percent.
 
For a complete record of travel abroad by U.S. Presidents and Secretaries of State, go to www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/trvl/.
 
—Heidi Schultz

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Related Links

United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC)
www.monuc.org
Get updates on efforts to quell the ongoing violence in DRC and hold national elections from the largest UN peacekeeping mission in the world.
 
International Crisis Group
www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm
Access background papers on the Ituri region and the DRC as a whole as well as updates on the current political situation.
 
Human Rights Watch
www.hrw.org/doc
More than three million people have died in the Congo's civil war; rape and torture are common weapons in this struggle for control of a region and its natural resources. Learn about these issues in detail and what you can do to defend human rights in the DRC.
 
Albertine Rift Program
www.albertinerift.org
The Wildlife Conservation Society has been working in the Albertine Rift area for 50 years to protect the biodiversity in this stretch of rich ecosystems bordering five countries (DRC, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania).
 
Ituri Forest Peoples Project
209.200.101.189/programs/ituri.cfm
Cultural Survival established this project to help provide Pygmy hunter-gatherers and village farmers with basic education and health care in the lawless, war-ravaged section of northeastern Congo. Read feature articles and news briefs on efforts to protect Pygmy rights and culture.

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Bibliography

Lindsay, Susan Lyndaker, Mary Neel Green, and Cynthia Bennett. The Okapi: Mysterious Animal of Congo-Zaire. University of Texas Press, 1999.

Mark, Joan. The King of the World in the Land of the Pygmies. University of Nebraska, 1995.

Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges. The Congo From Leopold to Kabila: A People's History. Zed Books, 2002.

Salopek, Paul. "Torrents of Civil War Pound Ravaged Congo." Chicago Tribune, December 10, 2000. Available online at www.pulitzer.org/year/2001/international-reporting/works/congo1.html.

Salopek, Paul. "River of Blood Flows in War-Torn Congo." Chicago Tribune, December 11, 2000. Available online at www.pulitzer.org/year/2001/international-reporting/works/congo2.html.
 
Salopek, Paul. "City's 5 Million Reduced to Mere Survival." Chicago Tribune, December 12, 2000. Available online at www.pulitzer.org/year/2001/international-reporting/works/congo3.html.

Turnbull, Colin. The Forest People. Touchstone, 1968.
 
Turnbull, Colin. The Mbuti Pygmies: An Ethnographic Survey. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 50, Part 3, 1965.
 
Wrong, Michela. In the Footsteps of Mr. Kurtz. Harper Collins, 2001.

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NGS Resources

Salak, Kira. "Darkness in Congo: Fear and Heroism in the Land of the Mountain Gorilla." National Geographic Adventure (December 2003/January 2004), 34-40, 85-93.

Quammen, David. "Jane in the Forest Again.National Geographic (April 2003), 90-103. 
 
Fraser, Sean. African Adventure Atlas. National Geographic Books, 2003.
 
Cockburn, Andrew.  "Diamonds: The Real Story." National Geographic (March 2002), 2-35.
 
Quammen, David. "End of the Line: Megatransect, Part III.National Geographic (August 2001), 74-103.
 
Quammen, David. "The Green Abyss: Megatransect, Part II.National Geographic (March 2001), 2-37.
 
Godwin, Peter. "Bushmen: Last Stand for Southern Africa's First People." National Geographic (February 2001), 97-113.

Quammen, David. "Megatransect: Across 1,200 Miles of Untamed Africa on Foot.National Geographic (October 2000), 2-29.
 
Bailey, Robert C. "The Efe: Archers of the African Rain Forest." National Geographic (November 1989), 664-86.


Putnam, Anne Eisner. "My Life With Africa's Little People." National Geographic (February 1960), 278-302.

Lloyd, Albert B. "Lloyd's Journey Across the Great Pygmy Forest." National Geographic (January 1899), 26-30.

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