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In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

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Did You Know?Did You Know?

HIV/AIDS strikes the children of sub-Saharan Africa twice. First, the virus attacks their bodies—2.8 million of the 3 million children living with HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa. Also, AIDS kills their parents. Twelve million of the 15 million AIDS orphans, that is children who've lost one or both parents to AIDS, also live in this region.
Zambia is one of the hardest hit countries. Around 90,000 Zambian children live with HIV. Those children who escape the virus will probably watch a close relative or friend die of the disease. Often it's a parent. There are 630,000 AIDS orphans in Zambia, and the number is growing. Traditionally, when a child's parents die, care is passed to the extended family. However, this system has broken down under poverty and disease. As a result, more than 128,000 children live on the streets of Zambia's capital city, Lusaka.
In 1996 four young Zambians started Fountain of Hope to take care of the street children. Starting out in a small office in a government building, full-time volunteers created an informal school and, when they could, provided food. Now, with the help of books, this seemingly chaotic organization makes real school possible, which means clothes, food, and shelter for street children.
When the school caught the eye of a woman named Jane Meyers, she volunteered to read to the street children.
"They melted," she said. Eventually, she used her position in the international diplomatic community to acquire outside funding. She also got hold of books and created a library. "The library has had an incredible impact that no one could have guessed," Meyers said.
Before the library existed, although Fountain of Hope could pay some children's secondary school fees through various donors, the children couldn't pass the entry test. The library provides the general knowledge students need to pass the required test. Now, graduates return to Fountain of Hope to read to other street children–giving them the same opportunity.
—Elizabeth Quill


Related Links

The World Factbook: Zambia
Find facts, figures, history, and current information about this southern African country.
Zambia, the Real Africa
Discover what to see, where to visit, where to stay, how to get around, and much more at the Zambia National Tourist Board's online guide.
United Nations Development Programme HIV/AIDS in Zambia
Get the latest HIV/AIDS statistics for Zambia and link to more information on this and other UN programs in the country.
Shiwa Ng'andu
Take an online tour of the historic home of Sir Stewart Gore-Browne. Built in the 1920s, the estate is now a game ranch.
Wildlife Camp
Experience the wildlife of Zambia in a camp adjacent to South Luangwa National Park. Sixty percent of the camp's fees go to support the people and wildlife of the Luangwa Valley and Zambia.



Astle, W. L. A History of Wildlife Conservation and Management in the Mid-Luangwa Valley, Zambia. British Empire and Commonwealth Museum, 1999.
Dalal-Clayton, Barry, and Brian Child. "Lessons from Luangwa." International Institute for Environment and Development, March 2003. Available online at www.iied.org/docs/spa/Luangwa/Luan_execsumm_intropages.pdf.
Fuller, Alexandra. Don't Let's Go to the Dogs Tonight. Random House, 2001.
Gibson, Clark C. Politicians and Poachers: The Political Economy of Wildlife Policy in Africa. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Owens, Delia, and Mark Owens. The Eye of the Elephant. Houghton Mifflin Co., 1992.
Strickland, Bradford. " 'My Grandfather's Gun Was Called Field of Children': Ecological History as Indictment of State Development Policy." Africa Today (Spring 2001), 111-19.


NGS Resources

Carroll, Chris. "Bad Rap: Hyenas." National Geographic (June 2005), 50-65.
Warne, Kennedy. "Okavango: Africa's Miracle Delta." National Geographic (December 2004), 42-67.
Johns, Chris. "Along the Zambezi." National Geographic Traveler (October 2003), 71.
Goodall, Jane. "Fifi Fights Back." National Geographic (April 2003), 76-89.
Quammen, David. "Jane: In the Forest Again." National Geographic (April 2003), 90-103.
Fraser, Sean. African Adventure Atlas. National Geographic Books, 2003.
Caputo, Philip. "Maneless in Tsavo." National Geographic (April 2002), 38-53.
Buchanan, Molly, and others. Safari: The Romance and the Reality. National Geographic Books, 2003.
Clynes, Tom. "They Shoot Poachers, Don't They?" National Geographic Adventure (October 2002), 62-9, 93-9.
Godwin, Peter. Wild at Heart: Man and Beast in Southern Africa. National Geographic Books, 2002.
Godwin, Peter. "Without Borders: Uniting Africa's Wildlife Reserves." National Geographic (September 2001), 2-31.

Deeble, Mark. "Kenya's Mzima Spring Comes Alive." National Geographic (November 2001), 32-47.
Newman, Aline Alexander. "Wildlife Crime Busters." National Geographic World (February 1999), 6-10.

Theroux, Paul. "Down the Zambezi." National Geographic (October 1997), 2-31.

Fisher, Allan C., Jr. "Rhodesia, a House Divided." National Geographic (May 1975), 640-71.

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