Published: November 2004
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

This interactive and entertaining website is a companion to the PBS series on evolution. Explore Darwin's life and the theory he proposed, find resources for teachers and students and a library of additional resources.

The Writing of Charles Darwin on the Web
This site claims to be the most extensive collection of Darwin's writings ever published and includes The Origin of Species and other books, volumes of letters, and articles published in periodicals. Although the site appears to come from the British Library, it is produced by a historian affiliated with Cambridge University.

Exploring Constitutional Conflicts: The Evolution Controversy
A fascinating look at both sides of the issue from a University of Missouri law professor. Includes links to websites supporting evolutionist theory and creationism.
More about Darwin himself than about evolution, this entertaining site offers great detail about Darwin's life and science in the late 1800s. It includes a long list of links.

Center for Science and Culture
This website presents the non-Darwinist and non-creationist point of view known as intelligent design, which holds that the universe is the product of intelligent thinking.

Answers in Genesis
A very large young-Earth creationist website. Although most material is in English, it includes pages in ten Asian and European languages.

The Talk.Origins Archive
This website is built around essays and articles addressing the evolution/creationism controversy from a mainstream science viewpoint. Lots of links to websites on both sides of the issue.

National Center for Science Education
The NCSE is a nonprofit organization dedicated to defending the teaching of evolution in public schools.

Robert Clark
Preview the diverse work of this award-winning photographer at this site, which includes photo galleries, a short biography, and more.

The National Academies
This organization provides a committee of experts in all areas of scientific and technological endeavor and gives independent, objective advice on critical international and national issues.


Browne, Janet. Charles Darwin: Voyaging. Vol. 1. Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.

Browne, Janet. Charles Darwin: The Power of Place. Vol. 2. Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life. John Murray, 1859. (Modern editions are available from many publishers.)

Desmond, Adrian, and James Moore. Darwin. Michael Joseph, 1991.

Eldredge, Niles. The Pattern of Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, 1999.

Larson, Edward J. Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory. Modern Library, 2004.

NGS Resources

Chapman, Matthew. "Islands of the Fittest." National Geographic Traveler (April 2003), 46-57.

Lange, Karen E. "Wolf to Woof." National Geographic (January 2002), 2-11.

Benchley, Peter. "Galápagos: Paradise in Peril." National Geographic (April 1999), 2-31.

Plage, Dieter, and Mary Plage. "A Century After Darwin's Death, Galápagos Wildlife Under Pressure." National Geographic (January 1988), 122-45.

Gore, Rick. "Seven Giants Who Led the Way." National Geographic (Sept. 1976), 400-7.

Villiers, Alan. "In the Wake of Darwin's Beagle." National Geographic (October 1969), 449-95.

Peterson, Roger Tory. "The Galápagos, Eerie Cradle of New Species." National Geographic (April 1967), 540-85.

Johnson, Electa, and Irving Johnson. "Lost World of the Galápagos." National Geographic (May 1959), 680-703.