Published: April 2005
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

American Battlefield Protection Program
This program of the National Park Service provides funds and planning assistance to groups working to preserve and enhance battlefields. On its website you'll find up-to-date information about grants, plus links to the enormous wealth of historical and cultural resources available at individual battlefields and historic sites maintained by the Park Service. The site includes a link to the report of the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields, the definitive government source for detailed information about battles and casualties.

Civil War Preservation Trust
Read the latest news about preservation efforts around the country, and join others actively working to rescue Civil War sites. You'll also be able to investigate Civil War travel and special events and use lesson plans and other resources designed for teachers and students.

Valley of the Shadow
This ambitious digital archive lets you see what life was like for ordinary Americans in the North and South during the Civil War by documenting the lives of people who lived in Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania. The project's guide will help you navigate through diaries, newspapers, government records, photographs, and maps from which you can construct your own history.

Morris Island
Read a history of Morris Island, South Carolina, and get the latest news about efforts to preserve it.

Historic Carnton Plantation
This site will introduce you to the role this Tennessee plantation served in the Civil War. You can also get information on how to search for Confederate and Union soldiers, review the calendar of 2005 events, and more.

Franklin's Charge
Learn about this pivotal battle in Civil War history.


Blight, David W., Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Harvard University Press, 2001.

Huddleston, John. Killing Ground: Photographs of the Civil War and the Changing American Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

Kennedy, Frances P., ed. The Civil War Battlefield Guide. 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, 1998.

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Oxford University Press, 1988.

NGS Resources

Vesilind, Priit. "Lost Gold: Bounty from a Civil War Ship." National Geographic (September 2004), 108-27.

McComb, Marianne. The Emancipation Proclamation. National Geographic Books, 2004.

Rossi, Ann M. The Anti-Slavery Movement. National Geographic Books, 2003.

Stephenson, Michael, ed. Battlegrounds: Geography and the History of Warfare. National Geographic Books, 2003.

Oeland, Glenn. "The H. L. Hunley: Secret Weapon of the Confederacy." National Geographic (July 2002), 82-101.

Gallagher, Gary W., and A. Wilson Greene. National Geographic Guide to the Civil War National Battlefield Parks. National Geographic Books, 1992.

Blockson, Charles L. "The Underground Railroad." National Geographic (July 1984), 2-39.