Published: April 2005
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Burma Sea Gypsies Compendium
Project Maje, an independent information project concerned with human rights and environmental issues in Myanmar (formerly Burma), provides an exhaustive overview of written sources available on the Moken complete with links to those online.


Hope, Sebastian. Outcasts of the Islands: The Sea Gypsies of South East Asia. Harper Collins UK, 2001.

Ivanoff, Jacques. Moken: Sea Gypsies of the Andaman Sea, Post-War Chronicles. White Lotus Press, 1997.

Ivanoff, Jacques. Rings of Coral: Moken Folktales. White Lotus Press, 2001.

Ivanoff, Jacques. The Moken Boat: Symbolic Technology. White Lotus Press, 1999.

NGS Resources

Ballard, Robert D. Mystery of the Ancient Seafarers: Early Maritime Civilizations. National Geographic Books, 2004.

Graeber, Charles. "Thailand: Diving the Andaman Aquarium in the Similans." National Geographic Adventure (July/August 2000), 84-7, 140-1.

Swerdlow, Joel L. "Burma, The Richest of Poor Countries." National Geographic (July 1995), 70-97.

Hodgson, Bryan. "Time and Again in Burma." National Geographic (July 1984), 90-121.