Published: July 2005
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Islamic Relief
Read individual stories and view a photo essay about Chechnya's tragedy. Then find out how to donate to relief programs providing food, health care, and water to displaced persons—including meals for thousands of schoolchildren.

Mèdecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)
Download MSF's report about its activities in the Russian Federation—which focus primarily on the Caucasus region—and find out how to volunteer or donate to mobile clinics and health care operations in refugee camps.

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
This site provides in-depth information—including links to audio interviews and individual children's stories—about UNICEF's efforts to aid the victims of Beslan, North Ossetia.

World Vision
Find out how to sponsor relief projects in Chechnya and Ingushetiya that focus on children's welfare, including mobile health teams and the distribution of clothes, food, and other supplies to schools and kindergartens.

Heidi Bradner, Photojournalist
In several galleries on her website, photographer Heidi Bradner displays photos spanning ten years of war in Chechnya, portraying the suffering of ordinary men, women, and children, and the "lost boys" who serve in the Russian military.

Institute for War and Peace Reporting: Caucasus Programme
Gain access to a network of dedicated reporters who cover the latest news from the Caucasus, plus regional profiles, maps, and photo essays on this website. The IWPR aims to "raise professional standards, heighten awareness of human rights, corruption and governance, and improve communication within a region divided by conflict and misunderstanding."


Gall, Carlotta, and Thomas de Waal. New York University Press, 1998.

Greene, Stanley. Open Wound: Chechnya, 1994 to 2003. Trolley, 2003.

Meier, Andrew. Chechnya: To the Heart of a Conflict. W. W. Norton, 2004.

Politkovskaya, Anna. A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches From Chechnya. University of Chicago Press, 2003.

NGS Resources

Viviano, Frank. "The Rebirth of Armenia." National Geographic (March 2004), 28-49.

Zwingle, Erla. "Crucible of the Gods." National Geographic (September 2002), 74-101.

"The Land Mine Wars." National Geographic (May 2002).

Edwards, Mike. "In Focus: The Fractured Caucasus." National Geographic (February 1996), 126-31.

Roxburgh, Angus. "Georgia Fights for Nationhood." National Geographic (May 1992), 82-111.

Hyman, Charles, et al. The Soviet Union Today. National Geographic Books, 1990.

Singer, Rolf. "Roaming Russia's Caucasus: Rugged Mountains and Hardy Fighters Guard the Soviet Union's Caucasian Treasury of Manganese and Oil." National Geographic (July 1942), 90-121.