Published: October 2005
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge
Learn more about the island that was the scene of a major World War II battle and about the variety of life there now.

NOAA's Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve
Follow the story on making this region a national marine sanctuary and look through questions and answers about the designation process.

NOAA's Encyclopedia of the Sanctuaries
Plug in a common or scientific name to learn more about a plant or creature in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Or choose another region within the National Marine Sanctuary program.

KAHEA: The Hawaiian-Environmental Alliance
Read articles and op-ed pieces about the various issues involved in protecting this remote ecosystem.


Colin, Patrick L., and Charles Arneson. Tropical Pacific Invertebrates. Coral Reef Press, 1995.

Gulko, David A., and Karen L. Eckert. Sea Turtles: An Ecological Guide. Mutual Publishing, 2004.

Gulko, David. Hawaiian Coral Reef Ecology. Mutual Publishing, 1998.

Harrison, Craig S. Seabirds of Hawaii: Natural History and Conservation. Cornell University Press, 1990.

Hoover, John P. Hawaii's Sea Creatures. Mutual Publishing, 2000.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: A Resource Guide. 2003.

Rauzon, Mark J. Isles of Refuge: Wildlife and History of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. University of Hawai'i Press, 2001.

NGS Resources

Stiefel, Chana. "The Great Hawaiian Sea Turtle Rescue." National Geographic Kids (November 2004), 42-5.

Holland, Jennifer S. "Red Hot Hawaii: Volcanoes National Park." National Geographic (October 2004), 2-24.

Geiger, Beth. "Hot Spots." National Geographic Explorer! (May 2004), 10-15.

Glickman, Joe, and Gina Strayer. "Hawaii: That Side of Paradise." National Geographic Adventure (February 2004), 67-9.

Winegrad, Gerald W. "Sudden Death on the High Seas." National Geographic Birdwatcher (March/April 2003), 8-9.

Liittschwager, David, et all. Remains of a Rainbow: Rare Plants and Animals of Hawaii. National Geographic Books, 2001.

Curtsinger, Bill. "Tigers in for the Kill." National Geographic (November 1999), 28-35.

Theroux, Paul. "Hawaiian Islands." National Geographic Traveler (October 1999), 157-60.

Earle, Sylvia A., and Wolcott Henry. Wild Ocean: America's Parks Under the Sea. National Geographic Books, 1999.

Chadwick, Douglas H. "Blue Refuges: U.S. National Marine Sanctuaries." National Geographic (March 1998), 2-31.

Eliot, John L. "Hawaii's Far-flung Wildlife Paradise." National Geographic (May 1978), 670-91.

Aldrich, John W. "The Gooney Birds of Midway." National Geographic (June 1964), 838-51.