Published: March 2006
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Celtic League
The American branch of the Celtic League provides a "common meeting ground" for people of Celtic descent—or anyone interested in appreciating the culture and national identity of the Celtic peoples. This website includes thumbnail sketches of the Celtic nations and explains how they're defined by common bonds of culture, history, and language.

Celtic Monasticism
Between the fifth and eighth centuries, Celtic Christian missionaries established many renowned centers of pilgrimage, sanctuary, and learning—often located at pre-Christian ceremonial sites. This website offers virtual tours of Iona (Scotland), Glendalough (Ireland), Lindisfarne (England), and other spiritual centers.

Beltane Fire Society
The spirit of the ancient Celts burns bright at Edinburgh's Beltane festival, heralding the start of summer in the Celtic year. Revived in modern times, Beltane means different things to different people: It's a celebration of the seasons, a religious observance of pagan origin, or simply an opportunity to participate in a popular and powerful event.

Golowan Festival
Ancient traditions live on in Cornwall as bonfires burn on hilltops during the midsummer festival of Golowan. Visit this site to learn more about the Feast of St. John and its connections to the past.

King Arthur
The saga of the legendary Celtic chief continues to fascinate readers young and old. The Camelot Project at the University of Rochester has amassed a huge collection of source material on King Arthur: Click on "Frequently Asked Questions" to learn the basics.


Cunliffe, Barry. The Celts: A Very Short Introduction.Oxford University Press, 2003.

Cunliffe, Barry. Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and Its Peoples.Oxford University Press, 2001.

Ellis, Peter Berresford. The Celts: A History. Carroll and Graf, 2003.

Haywood, John. Atlas of the Celtic World. Thames and Hudson, 2001.

Haywood, John. The Celts: Bronze Age to New Age. Longman, 2004.

Harvey, David C., and others. Celtic Geographies: Old Culture, New Times. Routledge, 2002.

Raftery, Barry, and Jane McIntosh, eds Atlas of the Celts Firefly Books, 2001.

Tolkien, J.R.R. "English and Welsh," in The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays. Christopher Tolkien, ed. HarperCollins, 1997, pp. 162-97.

NGS Resources

Stone, George W.From Mist and Stone: The History and Lore of the Celts and Vikings. 2005

Richardson, Jim. "Lost in Cornwall. National Geographic Traveler (July/August 2004), 92-101.

Worrall, Simon. "Wales: Finding Its Voice." National Geographic(June 2001), 62-83.

Biel, Jörg. "Treasure From a Celtic Tomb." National Geographic (March 1980), 428-38.

Severy, Merle. "The Celts." National Geographic (May 1977), 582-633.