Published: April 2006
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Amnesty International: Venezuela Report
Read the latest report on the status of human rights in Venezuela.

Council on Hemispheric Affairs
This council works to raise the visibility of regional issues, increase the importance of inter-American relationships, and encourage constructive U.S. policies toward Latin America.


De Oviedo y Baños, José. The Conquest and Settlement of Venezuela. University of California Press, 1987.

Dinneen, Mark. Culture and Customs of Venezuela. Greenwood Press, 2001.

Hellinger, Daniel. Venezuela: Tarnished Democracy. Westview Press, 1991.

Wiarda, Howard J., and Harvey F. Kline. Latin American Politics and Development. Westview Press, 2000.

Winter, Jane Kohen, and Kitt Baguley. Cultures of the World: Venezuela. Benchmark Books, 2002.

NGS Resources

Pagelow, Ryan. "Go South, America." National Geographic Traveler (October 2003), 28-30.

Healy, Catherine. "When in Caracas..." National Geographic Traveler (September/October 1993), 36-40.

George, Uwe. "Venezuela's Islands in Time." National Geographic (May 1989), 526-61.

Grove, Noel. "Venezuela's Crisis of Wealth." National Geographic (August 1976), 174-209.

Abercrombie, Thomas J. "Venezuela Builds on Oil." National Geographic (March 1963), 344-87.

Marden, Luis, "Caracas, Cradle of the Liberator: The Spirit of Simón Bolívar, South American George Washington, Lives On in the City of His Birth." National Geographic (April 1940), 477-513.