Published: November 2006
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

The world's highest mountains and their modern conquerors are featured.

Official Reinhold Messner Website (in German only)
Find a chronology of Messner's climbs and details about his publications and mountain museums.

Chronicle of Antarctic Expeditions
View an illustrated chronicle of Antarctic expeditions, co-authored by Reinhold Messner.


Gillman, Peter, ed. Everest: The Best Writing and Pictures from Seventy Years of Human Endeavour. Little, Brown, 1993.

Messner, Reinhold. All Fourteen 8,000ers.Trans. Audrey Salkeld. Mountaineers Press, 1999.

Messner, Reinhold. Naked Mountain: Nanga Parbat—Brother, Death and Solitude. Trans. Tim Carruthers. Crowood Press, 2002.

Oelz, Oswald, and Marianne Regard. "Physiological and Neuropsychological Characteristics of World-Class Extreme-Altitude Climbers." American Alpine Journal (No. 62, 1988), 83-86.

Salkeld, Audrey, ed. World Mountaineering. Little, Brown, 1998.

NGS Resources

Roberts, David, and Charlie Buffet. "Messner's Burden." National Geographic Adventure (May 2004), 48-53, 82-87.

McDonald, Bernadette, and others. Extreme Landscape: The Lure of Mountain Spaces. National Geographic Books, 2002.

Amatt, John, and others. oices From the Summit: The World's Great Mountaineers on the Future of Climbing. National Geographic Books, 2000.

Messner, Reinhold. "Encounter with a Yeti." National Geographic Adventure (May/June 2000), 130-38, 154-55.

Messner, Reinhold. "I Climbed Everest Alone." National Geographic (October 1981), 552-66.