Published: December 2006
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Golden Fleece Expedition Cruises
After three decades sailing the Southern Ocean, adventurer Jérôme Poncet is always eager to start another voyage. See his 65-foot (20 meters) steel-hulled sailing yacht Golden Fleece and take an online journey to the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic at this website.

British Antarctic Survey
Visit this site to learn more about penguins and other wildlife of the Southern Ocean marine ecosystem—and about the threats they face.

International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators
Interested in taking a trip to the bottom of the world? Check out the website of IAATO, an organization that promotes safe and environmentally responsible private-sector travel to the Antarctic.


Cook, James R. The Journals of Captain Cook. Penguin Classics, 2000.

Davis, Lloyd Spencer, and Martin Renner. Penguins. Yale University Press, 2004.

Gurney, Alan. Below the Convergence: Voyages Towards Antarctica, 1699-1839. W. W. Norton and Company, 1997.

Naveen, Ron. Waiting to Fly: My Escapades With the Penguins of Antarctica. Quill, 2000.

Shirihai, Hadoram. The Complete Guide to Antarctic Wildlife: Birds and Marine Mammals of the Antarctic Continent and the Southern Ocean. Princeton University Press, 2002.

Soper, Tony. Antarctica: A Guide to the Wildlife. Bradt Travel Guides, 2005.

NGS Resources

Ledyard, John. The Last Voyage of Captain Cook: The Collected Writings of John Ledyard. National Geographic Books, 2005.

Matthiessen, Peter. End of the Earth: Voyages to Antarctica. National Geographic Books, 2003.

Smith, Roff. "Frozen Under." National Geographic (December 2001), 2-35.

Parfit, Michael. "Timeless Valleys of the Antarctic Desert." National Geographic (October 1998), 120-35.

Stevens, Jane Ellen. "Exploring Antarctic Ice." National Geographic (May 1996), 36-53.

Gray, William R. Voyages to Paradise: Exploring in the Wake of Captain Cook. National Geographic Books, 1981.

Villiers, Alan. "Captain Cook: The Man Who Mapped the Pacific." National Geographic (September 1971), 297-349.

Hildebrand, Jesse Richardson. "The Columbus of the Pacific: Captain James Cook, Foremost British Navigator, Expanded the Great Sea to Correct Proportions and Won for Albion an Insular Empire by Peaceful Exploration and Scientific Study." National Geographic (January 1927), 84-132.