Published: April 2007
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Center for Distance Learning and Innovation
Everything you ever wanted to know about the northern cod fishery, from jigging and gangbaiting to hydroacoustics.

Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage
Memorial University of Newfoundland historian Jeff Webb takes a long look back at the fishing communities known as outports.

Sentinel Fisheries Program in the Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence
View photographs of a sentinel fisherman removing an otolith from a freshly caught cod; this organ will be analyzed to determine the fish's age.


Berrill, Michael. The Plundered Seas. Sierra Club, 1997.

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. "Population Down as of July 1, 2006." Population Bulletin (Fourth Quarter 2006).

Hamilton, Lawrence C., and Melissa J. Butler. "Outport Adaptations: Social Indicators Through Newfoundland's Cod Crisis." Human Ecology Review (Vol. 8, No. 2, 2001), 1-11.

Jedwab, Jack. "Western Canada Leads as East and Center Bleed." Association for Canadian Studies (April 14, 2005).

Kurlansky, Mark. Cod. Penguin Books, 1997.

Mason, Fred. "The Newfoundland Cod Stock Collapse: A Review and Analysis of Social Factors." Electronic Green Journal (December 2002).

Redmond, Kevin. "A Stroke Back in Time: The Southwest Coast of Newfoundland." WaveLength Magazine (August-September 2005).

NGS Resources

De Villiers, Marq. National Geographic Guide to America's Outdoors: Eastern Canada. National Geographic Books, 2001.

Poole, Robert M. "Labrador, Canada's Place Apart." National Geographic (October 1993), 2-35.

Grosvenor, Gilbert M., and others. Canada's Incredible Coasts. National Geographic Books, 1991.

Thurston, Harry. "Newfoundland: The Enduring Rock." National Geographic (May 1986), 676-700.

Tuck, James A. "Unearthing Red Bay's Whaling Industry." National Geographic (July 1985), 50-57.

Jennings, Gary. "Newfoundland Trusts in the Sea." National Geographic (January 1974), 112-41.