Published: May 2007
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

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Red Bulldog Ants
View red bulldog ants making nests, collecting food, and guarding their nests.

Find out more about the biology, distribution, and identification of bulldog ants.

Fearsome Ants
Learn more about the aggressive nature and painful stings delivered by bulldog ants.

Enjoy a slideshow tour of the ant genera of the world. This site illustrates the diversity of ants with images of many of the approximately 10,000 known species.

This website is devoted to the photography of insects. Search the site for bulldog ants and get a good look at how their stingers work.


Brady, Sean G., et al. "Evaluating alternative hypothesis for the early diversification of ants." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, November 1, 2006.

Holldobler, Bert, and Wilson, E. O. Journey to the Ants: A Story of Scientific Exploration. Belknap Press, 1994.

Holldobler, Bert, and Edward O. Wilson. The Ants. Harvard University Press, 1990.

Moreau, Corrie S., and others. "Phylogeny of the Ants: Diversification in the Age of Angiosperms." Science (April 7, 2006), 101-04.

NGS Resources

Whiting, Sue. All About Ants. National Geographic Books, 2006.

Moffett, Mark, and Edward O. Wilson. "Army Ants: Inside the Ranks." National Geographic (August 2006), 136-49.

Moffett, Mark. "Ants and Plants—Tree Fortresses." National Geographic (May 2000), 84-97.

Gordon, David George. "Down on the Ant Farm." National Geographic World (January 2000), 19-21, 26.

Moffett, Mark. "Ants and Plants—Friends and Foes." National Geographic (May 1999), 100-13.

Moffett, Mark. "Ants and Plants—A Profitable Partnership." National Geographic (February 1999), 122-33.

Moffett, Mark. "Leafcutters: Gardeners of the Ant World." National Geographic (July 1995), 98-111.