Published: May 2007
Learn More
In Learn More the National Geographic magazine team shares some of its best sources and other information to expand your knowledge of our featured subjects. Special thanks to the Research Division.

Related Links

Virtual Jamestown
A collaborative effort by Virginia Tech, the University of Virginia (UVA), and the Virginia Center for Digital History at UVA, Virtual Jamestown is an excellent resource offering easy access to original documents from the colony, interviews with modern Chesapeake Indians, and interpretive essays by scholars.

James River Plantations
The National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places has put together a virtual travel itinerary of the major colonial plantations along the James River, dating back to the early "hundreds" that were settled soon after Jamestown. Sections on colonization, the gentry, and architecture cover the historical background and bring the colonial era to life.

Documenting the American South
The University of North Carolina's Library of Southern Literature presents a full-text, searchable version of John Smith's 1624 publication of The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles.

Jamestown Rediscovery
The current excavations at Jamestown are run by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities; this website highlights its work, offering excavation reports, information on finds, a history of Jamestown, links to additional resources, and information on a participatory field school.

Columbian Exchange: Plants, Animals, and Disease Between the Old and New Worlds
TeacherServe, a curriculum resource for teachers, presents an essay by Alfred Crosby on the Columbian exchange. The website also provides a long list of linked resources on the topic and is useful to students and others who want some easily accessible information on plant and animal exchange between the Old and New Worlds.

Exploring the Chesapeake: Voyage of Discovery
This 2005 production from National Geographic Television & Film takes a close look at the challenges and successes of Captain John Smith's exploration along the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, adventures that led to the first map of the region and—400 years later—plans to establish the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Water Trail. You'll find more valuable information on the Chesapeake region throughout the rest of the site.


Crosby, Alfred W. The Columbian Exchange. Praeger, 2003.

Crosby, Alfred W. Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900. Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Haile, Edward Wright. Jamestown Narratives: Eyewitness Accounts of the Virginia Colony. RoundHouse, 1998.

Hashaw, Tim. The Birth of Black America. Carroll and Graf, 2007.

Horn, James. A Land As God Made It: Jamestown and the Birth of America. Basic Books, 2005.

Humphreys, Margaret. Malaria: Poverty, Race, and Public Health in the United States. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Kelso, William M. Jamestown Rediscovery 1994-2004. The Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, 2004.

Mann, Charles C. 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus. Vintage Books, 2005.

Rountree, Helen C. Pocahontas, Powhatan, Opechancanough: Three Indian Lives Changed by Jamestown. University of Virginia Press, 2005.

Rountree, Helen C. The Powhatan Indians of Virginia. University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.

Silver, Timothy. A New Face on the Countryside: Indians, Colonists, and Slaves in South Atlantic Forests, 1500-1800. Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Sloan, Kim. A New World: England's First View of America. University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

NGS Resources

Lange, Karen E. 1607: A New Look at Jamestown. National Geographic Books, 2007.

Smith, John. John M. Thompson, ed. The Journals of Captain John Smith: A Jamestown Biography. National Geographic Books, 2007.

Pobst, Sandy. Voices From Colonial America: Virginia, 1607-1776. National Geographic Books, 2005.

Rosen, Daniel. New Beginnings: Jamestown and the Virginia Colony 1607-1699. National Geographic Books, 2005.

Williams, John Page. Chesapeake: Exploring the Water Trail of Captain John Smith. National Geographic Books, 2006.

Lange, Karen E. "Unsettling Discoveries at Jamestown: Suffering and Surviving in 17th-century Virginia." National Geographic (June 2002), 74-81.

Bruchac, Margaret M., and Catherine O'Neill Grace. 1621: A New Look at Thanksgiving. National Geographic Books, 2001.

Martin, Paul. "Living Williamsburg." National Geographic Traveler (January/February 1997), 66-73.